Sinai has always been at the heart of the founders. In 1982, Prof. Samy Zalat (Suez Canal University, Egypt) started his MSc. in Sinai. He is the first biologist to work in South Sinai after Egypt regained it from Israel. In 1986, the co-founders Prof. Francis Gilbert (Nottingham University, UK) and Prof. Somia El-Akkad (Ain Shams University, Egypt) shared his interest in Sinai Peninsula. As a result, they started a long term research program on biodiversity conservation of Sinai Peninsula involving many scientists from both countries, young researchers, undergraduates, and local people.